Interstate Adoption

Columbus, Ohio Foreign and Interstate Adoption Attorneys

Foreign and interstate adoptions are a bit more complex than intrastate adoptions. This is because other state or country laws must be observed when moving a child across boundary lines. In the case of an interstate adoption, all territories of the United States are members of a “compact,” which has helped to streamline the process. However, there is no international compact, so these cases vary greatly, depending on the foreign country’s laws.

What is interstate adoption?

interstate adoption columbus ohio attorneyInterstate adoption is when an adoptive family adopts a child from a different state. This used to be an uncommon occurrence, but with agencies and adoptive families relying on the internet more and more, interstate adoption is much more common.

Interstate adoptions involve a federal law called the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC). ICPC has been enacted in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The ICPC establishes uniform procedures to govern interstate adoptions.

What is a foreign adoption?

A foreign adoption (also called an international adoption) is when the adoptive child and family were born in different countries. International adoptions require an understanding of both country’s laws, as the adoptive child may not be moved from one country to another without approval from both countries. It is important that you consult with an attorney when considering international adoption.

What happens in an interstate adoption?

The “sending state” (the state where the adoptive child lives) provides notice to the “receiving state” (the state where the adoptive family lives) that it intends to place a child across state lines. There are particular forms that must be provided between the states, along with a case plan. These should be completed by the agency or attorney you are working with. Each state has administrators who are familiar with the requirements of the ICPC and will carefully review the paperwork. Whether the decision is approved or rejected, the receiving state will notify the sending state. Once approved, procedures for placement are begun. Services for the child will continue as if the child were still in the “sending state.”

If you are considering a foreign or interstate adoption, our attorneys can help. Our attorneys are detail-oriented and highly skilled researchers. We will handle your prospective adoption with the time and effort necessary to ensure a smooth placement. Call our Columbus, Ohio office today at (614) 567-3031 to schedule an initial consultation. If you hire us, we will credit your account with the cost of your initial consultation.